Jainism was born in India about the same period as Buddhism and today Jains are 0,05% of India’s population. It was established by Mahavira in about 500 B. C. Mahavira like Buddha belonged to the warrior caste. Mahavira was called Jinameaning meanings the Big Winner and from this name was derived the name of the religion.
In many senses Jainism is similar to Buddhism. Jainism like Buddhism, developed as a dissention to the Brahmanic philosophy that was dominant during that period in north-east India. In Jainism as in Buddhism there is a belief in reincarnation which eventually leads to liberation. Both these religions don’t center in religious philosophy around Almighty worship. But Jainism is different than Buddhism in its ascetic beliefs. Both these religions emphasis on non-violence, but in Jainism non-violence is its main core. Jains believe that every thing has life including stones, sand, trees and every other thing.
The fact that trees breath came to be known to the science world only from the 20th century. Mahavira who believed that every thing has life and also believed in non-violence practically didn’t eat anything, causing his self-starvation to death. Mahavira was also extremely ascetic and walked around completely naked because of his renouncement of life. Mahavira’s religion followers are less extreme than him in diets. They are simply vegetarians.
The religious Jains will do everything possible to prevent hurting any being. They won’t walk in fields where there are insects to prevent the possibility of stepping on them. They also cover their mouth to prevent the possibility of sang small invisible microbes. They mostly do not work in professions where there is a possibility of killing any living being like in agriculture instead professions like banking and business.
There are two Jain philosophies : Shvetember and Digamber. Digamber monks like Mahavira don’t wear any clothes. The Digambers include among them only men. The Shvetember monks wear white clothes and they include women.